Posted by Neill Abayon
Researchers from Plymouth University in the UK have discovered a trigger that spurs bladder cancer to become invasive and spread to other parts of the body. Invasive bladder cancer is much more difficult to treat, and the discovery raises hope of new treatments that target this trigger.
A scientific paper on the findings has just been published in American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology.
National Cancer Institute statistics on estimated new cases and deaths from bladder cancer predict that over 70,000 people in the US will receive a diagnosis this year. Over 15,000 deaths are also likely in 2013.
The disease affects men more than women. The best-established risk factor for bladder cancer in both men and women is tobacco smoking.
A study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association in 2011 suggests the risk of bladder cancer due to smoking is higher than previously thought, and estimates that a current smoker has four times the risk of developing the cancer versus a non-smoker.